31st October 1517: Martin Luther and the birth of the Reformation

Today in 1517, Wittenburg, Saxony, Martin Luther nailed his ‘Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences’ (also known as his 95 Theses) on the door of All Saints’ Church.

Although this may not seem to be a monumental act, it proved to have a huge impact on the religious, cultural and political traditions of Europe. For many, this event serves as the initial catalyst for the Protestant Reformation.

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Factional Politics or Individual Ambition? Anne Boleyn vs. Thomas Wolsey

In the four-hundred and seventy eight years since the death of Anne Boleyn historians are

Victim or Vixen?

still unable to achieve unanimity over certain aspects of her life. From her controversial love affair with the King of England to her contentious involvement in the fall of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey. Anne’s role in the early stages of Henry VIII’s Great Matter still generates heated debate. In a period where the king cradled doubts over the validity of his marriage, Anne is often depicted in two contrasting ways: she is described as either a devious temptress that seduced the king or a meek, obedient victim of factional politics. Thomas Wolsey’s dramatic fall from grace during the period of Anne’s rise in Henry VIII’s esteem is particularly interesting. It serves as an example that Anne’s role within the Henrican court during this time was not so clear cut.

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